Welcome to Shaykhi Academy!

What Is Harakat In Tajweed? Detailed Guide!

What Is Harakat In Tajweed Detailed Guide!

Harakat in Tajweed refers to diacritical markings used to represent vowels in Arabic text, aiding correct pronunciation and recitation of the Quran. The difference between Harakat and Tashkeel lies in their scope, with Harakat specifically denoting vowel marks and Tashkeel encompassing a wider range of diacritical symbols. 

Understanding Arabic Harakat is crucial for accurate Quranic recitation and offers numerous benefits, including a deeper understanding of Islamic sciences and culture. 

However, applying Harakat correctly requires careful attention to avoid common mistakes such as misplacement or omission. Shaykhi Academy offers guidance and resources for learning Arabic Harakat effectively, ensuring proficiency in Tajweed.

Today we will explain what is harakat in Tajweed. If students want to become fluent in Arabic, enhance their language abilities, and connect with the rich literary and cultural legacy of the Arab world, studying Arabic harakat is a worthwhile investment.

What is harakat in tajweed?

The term “harakat” often written “harkat” or “harakaat” in Tajweed describes the diacritical markings or symbols positioned above or underneath Arabic characters in the Quran’s text. The diacritical markings have several crucial functions in correctly pronouncing and reciting the Quran

Essential components of Tajweed include harakat, which aids reciters in correctly pronouncing Arabic vowels and consonants.

What is the difference between Harakat and Tashkeel?

The main difference between Harakat and Tashkeel lies in their scope of usage within Arabic writing. Harakat specifically denotes diacritical marks representing short vowels, such as Fatha, Damma, and Kasra. 

On the other hand, Tashkeel encompasses a broader range of diacritical symbols, including Harakat as well as symbols like Sukun and Shadda, which denote the absence of a vowel and the doubling of consonant sounds, respectively. 

While Harakat focuses solely on vowel marks, Tashkeel extends to include various phonetic elements in Arabic script.

Harakat and tashkeel are Arabic terms for diacritical markings used in written language to represent vowels and other phonetic elements. Nevertheless, their meanings differ slightly:

What is the meaning of harakah in tajweed?

What is harakat in arabic? Harakat particularly refers to the diacritical or vowel markings used in Arabic to denote short vowels. Fatha, Damma, and Kasra are the three primary harakat. To indicate the short vowel sounds, these symbols are positioned either above or below the letters.


The word Tashkeel is more general and includes additional diacritical symbols that are used to express other phonetic elements in addition to the vowel mark Harakat.  

Apart from the harakat, tashkeel has symbols like sukun and shadda. Sukun, which is frequently used on a consonant to denote that a vowel does not come after it, is used to indicate the lack of a vowel. 

A consonant sound can be doubled by using the doubling mark, shadda.

In conclusion, tashkeel refers to a wider range of diacritical markings, including vowel symbols as well as other symbols used to denote certain phonetic features in Arabic script, whereas harakat just refers to vowel marks.

How many harakat are there in Arabic?

There are 8 Types of Harakat. These are:

  1. Fatḥah
  2. Dhammah
  3. Kasrah
  4. Shaddah
  5. Sukuun

Tanwin is separated into three categories:

  1. Tanwin Dhammah
  2. Tanwin Fatḥah
  3. Tanwin Kasrah

Harakat examples

Examples of Arabic words that have harakat are as follows:

  • Fatha (ً) such as madrasaẗan (مَدْرَسَةً) – school
  • Dammah (ٌ) such as wardun (وَرْدٌ) – rose
  • Kasra (ٍ) such as kitābin (كِتَابٍ) – book
  • Sukun (ْ) such as darsun (دَرْسٌ) – lesson

These illustrations show how harakat affects how Arabic words are spoken, assisting in expressing the correct vowel sounds in each situation.

Arabic harakat rules

By depicting short vowels and other phonetic features, the Arabic harakat, sometimes referred to as diacritical signs or vowel marks, is essential for conveying the proper pronunciation of phrases. 

The following are some essential harakat standards and regulations in Arabic:

Fatha (َ)

  • Positioned above a letter.
  • Stands for the vowel sound “a” short.

Damma (ٌ)

  • Positioned above a letter.
  • Represents the vowel sound for the short “u.”

Kasra (ٍ)

  • Put under a letterhead.
  • Represents the vowel sound for the short “i.”

Sukun (ْ)

  • Either in front of or behind a letter.
  • Represents a consonant without a corresponding vowel.

Tanween (ًٌٍ)

  • Refers to the nunation represented by the combination of the three diacritical marks Fatha, Damma, and Kasra.
  • Put at the conclusion of undefined nouns.

Shadda (ؑ)

  • Positioned above a letter.
  • Indicates that a consonant has been doubled.

Madd (ٓ)

  • Symbolizes the sound of a long vowel.
  • Happens when a letter is extended.

These guidelines guarantee correct pronunciation during reading and recitation by precisely capturing the phonetic subtleties of the Arabic language.

Maintaining the proper guidelines for Quranic recitation requires careful attention to harakat, particularly when mastering Tajweed.

Benefits of learning Arabic Harakat?

Learning Arabic Harakat has several advantages. Here are 9 essential advantages in Arabic that everyone should be aware of!

  1. Allah’s Selected Language (SWT).
  2. You can learn about the Sunnah and the Quran.
  3. With Learning Arabic Harakat you can take an Overview of Islamic History.
  4. A Crucial Aspect for Understanding Islamic Sciences.
  5. Arabic is a Language All Muslims Must Learn.
  6. Make Your Worship of Allah (SWT) More Sincere.
  7. Misreading of Quranic and Islamic Scripts in Translation into Other Languages but not with learning Arabic Harakat.
  8. Islamic Culture Is Transmitted Through the Arabic Language.
  9. The Western World’s Growing Need for Arabic-Speakers.

How to learn Arabic Harakat?

Read Slowly and Intentionally: When reading Arabic text containing harakat, take your time. Make sure you precisely position the harakat by reading slowly and attentively.

  • Use Learning Resources: To enhance your comprehension and application, make use of resources like textbooks, online courses, and language applications that offer exercises and examples using harakat.
  • Seek Advice from a trained instructor: Studying with a trained Arabic instructor or tutor is the most efficient approach to understanding and using harakat effectively. They can offer prompt feedback and direction based on your particular requirements.
  • Regular Review: To strengthen your understanding and gradually increase accuracy, go over Arabic texts containing harakat on a regular basis.
  • Practice Reading Aloud: Speaking aloud when reading an Arabic book that contains harakat will help you make sure you’re applying the harakat correctly and reinforce proper pronunciation.
  • Emphasis on Context: Take into account the reading’s context. Context frequently offers suggestions for the appropriate harakah to utilize depending on the sentence’s grammatical structure.

Common Mistakes made in applying Harakat

Vowel markings, or harakat, are frequently applied incorrectly in Arabic script, which can result in mispronounced words and phrases. Here are some examples of these errors, along with advice on how to prevent them and a focus on consulting a certified teacher for guidance:

Typical Errors:

  • Misplacement of Harakat: One frequent error is putting harakat on the wrong letters or figuring out which letter requires a certain harakat wrongly.
  • Skipping or Omitting Harakat: When reading fast, readers may skip or omit harakat entirely, which might result in mispronounced words.
  • Incorrect Vowel Sounds: Mispronunciations and misunderstandings can result from misreading the vowel sounds represented by harakat.
  • Absence of Appropriate Lengthening (Madd): Vowel sounds may become shorter if the proper lengthening (madd) markings are not used for long vowels.
  • Ignoring Tanween: Word meaning and grammatical precision might be negatively impacted by the occasional disregard for tanween ends (ـًـ, ـٍـ, ـٌـ).

Shaykhi Academy promises to put you at the beginning of the way to learn what is harakat in tajweed to fully be good at it, you just have to contact us now.

Unlock the Path to Quranic Mastery with Shaykhi Academy!

Are you seeking the finest Quranic education right from the comfort of your home? Look no further! Shaykhi Academy stands out as a premier online Quran learning platform, dedicated to providing exemplary education to both children and adults.

Why Choose Shaykhi Academy?

  • Connect with highly qualified native tutors.
  • Flexible scheduling to suit your busy lifestyle.
  • Affordable classes tailored for all levels.
  • Accessible from anywhere around the globe.

Discover Our Range of Courses:

Don’t Miss Out on Your Chance to Excel!

Whether you’re a beginner or seeking advanced knowledge, Shaykhi Academy can guide you! Book your free trial now and make Ramadan 2024 your Quranic turning point!


Mastering Arabic Harakat is essential for accurate Quranic recitation and deepening one’s understanding of Islamic texts and culture. The distinction between Harakat and Tashkeel lies in their usage within Arabic writing, with Harakat specifically representing vowel marks and Tashkeel encompassing a broader range of diacritical symbols.

Learning Harakat requires diligence and practice, but offers numerous benefits, including a stronger connection to the Quran and Islamic tradition. By avoiding common mistakes and seeking guidance from qualified instructors, learners can achieve proficiency in Tajweed and enrich their spiritual journey. Shaykhi Academy stands ready to assist individuals in embarking on this rewarding path of learning.

Our Courses